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论江左军府府佐兼带郡(县)职及行府州事

2009/11/1 20:56:38 人评论 次浏览 分类:历史学

 

作者: 徐芬

英文标题:On Regional Bureaucratic Establishment Changes Between the Dong Jin Dynasty and the Song Dynasty

中文副标题:晋宋之际国家官爵制度上的变化之一

英文副标题:

中文关键词:晋宋之际;地方行政制度;京口北府集团;方镇军府;高门士族;文武合作

英文关键词:between the Dong Jin Dynasty and the Song Dynasty; regional bureaucratic establishment; Jingkou Group

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中文摘要:
    晋宋之际,地方行政管理制度出现了一种新变化,即军府府佐兼带统属郡(县)职(尤其是首郡)以及行府州事现象的大量出现,并逐渐有制度化发展的趋势。京口北府集团凭借军功取得对国家方镇的控制,主导了国家政治生活,可是,因为生活教育背景的不同,他们不具备或者缺乏对国家行政事务进行有效管理的经验和才能,这直接促使行政体制发生变化来弥补和适应这种地方管理上的不足,富有经验和能力的高门士族成员因此被选拔出来任职于方镇军府的府佐并兼带统属郡(县)职甚至代行府州事。这种管理方式是在晋宋之际特殊的社会政治背景下发展起来的,为以京口北府集团为代表的“武”势力(军功武力)与高门士族为代表的“文”势力之间的合作创造了一个极为有效的发展平台,使得他们长短互补,相互为用,方镇乃至整个国家也得以正常有效运转。

英文摘要:
    The period between the Dong Jin Dynasty and the Song Dynasty witnesses great changes in the regional bureaucratic establishment that senior assistants of the regional chiefs are appointed chief officials of the prefectures and counties where headquarters are simultaneously exist, which tend to develop into a system. This author holds that it is directly related with the rise of Jingkou Group, which officers possess the regional positions with their military merits, but lack experience and talent in administration because of their poor life and education background, and have to turn to the experienced and talented senior assistants for normal administration.

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